List of the Best Android Application Testing Tools for your reference: Nowadays automated tests are used during almost every testing process. This is not surprising, as properly organized automated testing greatly reduces the time needed for a testing process, excludes errors and omissions in tests execution caused by a human factor. Appium is an open-source automation testing tool that can be leveraged with native, hybrid and mobile web apps. Appium drives iOS, Android and Windows apps using the WebDriver protocol. The goal of Appium is to enable mobile testers to automate testing without modifying applications. 2) Android UI Testing: This is an user-centric testing of the application. In this test phase, items such as visibility of text in various screens of the app, interactive messages, alignment of data, the look and feel of the app for different screens, size of fields etc are tested under this. 2) Android UI Testing: This is an user-centric testing of the application. In this test phase, items such as visibility of text in various screens of the app, interactive messages, alignment of data, the look and feel of the app for different screens, size of fields etc are tested under this.
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Android TV is a version of Google’s Android mobile operating system designed for turning TVs into smart, connected and digital streaming media players. It has a lot in common with other smart TV solutions but also possesses great features inherited from Android mobile OS. Since it can access the Google Play app store, Android developers can optimize and distribute their Android apps to the Android TV platform. That being said, testing Android TV apps is not as straightforward as testing Android mobile apps.
Differences from Automating Android Mobile Apps
When testing Android mobile apps, the typical functional tests include finding, clicking and swiping elements. And the same idea is also applicable to testing Android TV apps. But there are a few fundamental platform specifics that make Android TV app test automation more challenging.
- No touchscreen
- Using remote control
- No portrait orientation
- Navigating through TV apps isn’t as easy as through mobile apps
What Frameworks to Use for Automating Android TV App Tests
Overall the Android TV app development is quite similar to the Android mobile app development in many ways. This also applies to Android TV app testing. If you want to deliver high-quality Android TV apps, you’d also need to do comprehensive testing and follow the same QA processes as you would do for Android app testing.
As for automating Android TV app testing, you don’t need to look for a new tool, but simply use any of those widely used native frameworks for Android mobile testing on the market.
In this blog, we will talk about how to use Appium to nail down test automation for Android TV apps.
How to Use Appium for Automating Android TV App Tests
Like mentioned before, Android TV app automation differs from Android mobile app automation primarily by Android TVs not having a touchscreen. Therefore most of the time you can’t tap or click elements like on Android mobile devices.
You need to emulate remote controller usage by issuing ADB commands for example “adb shell input keyevent KEYCODE_ENTER”. And you need to know what element is currently selected/ focused.
- Use ADB commands to simulate remote controller commands
- Some elements can be clicked/ tapped using Appium Webdriver
- Some elements can only be accessed by selecting it with controller (selected/focused)
Below is an example of selecting the “Most Popular” section of the menu list on Nvidia SHIELD, Nvidia Games app.
Selecting an Item from the Menu List
Functions needed to select a menu item from the list (vertical, on the left) include:
- Get the root element for the list
- Go through all the items in the list
- Look for the name of the list item (e.g. “Most Popular”)
- If found, check that it is selected or focused otherwise go down using ADB command to the next item
“Most Popular” is selected/ focused
Selecting a Game from the Games List
Below is an example of selecting the game “Tomb Raider” from the games list “Most Popular”.
Functions to select a game from the list (horizontal) include:
- Look for the correct game list (multiple lists are visible to Appium), use
xpathto find the name of the list item (“Most Popular”) and go up the hierarchy to get root element of that list item (element containing the text “Most Popular” is not a parent of elements containing game name text)
- Go through all the items in the list
- Look for the name of the list item (e.g. “Tomb Raider”)
- If found, check that it is selected or focused otherwise go right using ADB command to next item
“Tomb Raider” is selected/ focused
Emulating a Remote Controller
The remote controller emulation is done using ADB-commands.
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Another possible problem
One of the problems of automating Android TV apps is that if you try to find an element using its text value, the element containing that text might not get focused or selected.
Element with the text “I agree and continue”, for example, does not get focused or selected even though it is selected from the visual standpoint. In this case, you need to look for its parent element and get its selected/focused value.
”I agree and continue” is selected with a remote controller
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Hierarchy of that element
Element is not focused / selected
Its parent element is focused now
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WhatsApp is finally testing the possibility of adding animated stickers to its platform, a feature that has been available in competing offerings like Telegram for quite a while now.
As first reported by WABetaInfo, the feature went live on WhatsApp beta version 188.8.131.52 for Android and version 184.108.40.206 for iOS. However, subsequent beta updates immediately removed the feature, at least on Android.
The current implementation of WhatsApp animated stickers is nowhere as sophisticated as Telegram’s one. For starters, the stickers don’t loop. Hence, it just animates once and goes back to its static self.
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You will have to scroll up or down again if you need to see the stickers animate again. For now, we can’t be sure if that behavior is intentional or a bug that will get fixed in future updates.
Going by AndroidPolice‘s report, WhatsApp will have at least five official animated sticker packs namely Playful Piyomaru, Rico’s Sweet Life, Moody Foodies, Chummy Chum Chums, and Bright Days.
When I tried to upgrade from WhatsApp beta version 220.127.116.11 that I previously had, to version 18.104.22.168 via APKMirror, it showed an error. I got the same result in a fresh installation as well. However, I was able to install version 22.214.171.124 beta from the same website but unfortunately, that version doesn’t support animated stickers.
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Even if you have 126.96.36.199 version, you’ll have to receive an animated sticker from someone who has already managed to enable the feature. You will eventually be able to send, receive, and install animated stickers. We could expect WhatsApp to properly implement and rollout animated stickers in the upcoming beta builds.